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Making Sense of Artificial Intelligence for Beginners

Making Sense of Artificial Intelligence for Beginners

You must be hearing about artificial intelligence all over these days and rightly so as this is the age of technological revolution. Therefore, to cope up with this modernity, we have to be cognizant of the artificial intelligence. But, wait a minute. Do you really think that we know what actually Artificial intelligence is? Well, that is the question that might be pinching in your mind every now and then but you do not have enough time to explore it’s answer. Right? No problem, let’s explore it together in detail in one window operation way.

History of Artificial intelligence:

Do you know how this unbelievable revolution came to the world? By raising one question. Yes you read it right. There was one question that initiated the whole process. The question was, wether a computer can mimic human intelligence? The journey of AI started in 1950s when the curious mind of Alan Turing tried to determine if a computer could mimic human mind. After that, AI got momentum in 1960s when the first AI programming language LISP was developed by John McCarthy. Earlier, AI was focused on symbolic reasoning and rules based systems that led to expert systems in 1970 and 80s. Then in 1990s, AI made a shift in focus to machine learning and data driven approaches. This shift led the AI systems to keep the memory of data and use it for better performance and adaptability.
Robotic Hand with a Human hand

What is Artificial intelligence

AI is a branch of computer science that is concerned to develop smart machines capable of performing tasks that usually require human intelligence. Artificial intelligence allows machines to model or even improve upon the capabilities of human mind. Artificial intelligence is now getting actively involved in every sector of tech industry. From the development of self driving cars to AI generative tools like Chatgpt, AI is increasingly becoming part of everyday lives.

Stages of AI development

AI is still in its evolution process. It is constantly evolving from one stage to another advance level. Therefore, based on the type and complexity of the tasks an AI system is able to perform, AI has been categorized into four types. You may call them as steps of evolution process of AI.

Reactive machines:

Unlike reactive machines, limited memory AI is capable of storing information in the form of memory. It looks into that data in the memory for clues on what may come next. Based on that stored information, it is capable of making informed decisions. For this purpose, a team continuously trains a model in how to analyze and utilize the new data. Sometimes, an AI environment is built so that madels can be renewed and trained automatically.

Theory of mind:

The earlier two stages of AI have been achieved but the last two stages are more theoretical as of now. And they are yet to be achieved. This stage of AI means that AI machines could understand how other humans, animals and,vmachines feel and make decisions through self reflection and determination.It is the point of making machines understand that other living things have thoughts and emotions that effect the behaviour of one’s self.

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